Arthritis is one of the most common problems that many people become a victim of all over the world. Arthritis becomes worse by age which is why older people should be looked after of they complain about tenderness in their joints or if you notice swelling in the joints. Nonetheless, it can happen to people of other age groups too.
In this article, we will talk about the causes of arthritis but mainly of its two types, Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis. Moreover, as we proceed through the article, you will find arthritis treatments as well. If that is what you came looking for, this article will turn out to be a great help for you.
Most Common Types of Arthritis
According to the CDC, almost 55 million adult Americans have been diagnosed with arthritis. Simply put, arthritis is a joint inflammation that results in a variety of unpleasant symptoms such as joint pain and stiffness. Osteoarthritis (OA) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) are the two most frequent kinds of arthritis (RA). Many of the symptoms of Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are similar, although they develop in quite distinct ways. OA and RA are both disorders that cause inflammation, discomfort, and loss of function in the joints.
What Causes Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Osteoarthritis is not thought to be an autoimmune disease. It’s known as “wear-and-tear” arthritis because the cartilage and other joint structures break down over time, causing the joints to become limited and painful. People with Osteoarthritis have a systemic immunological imbalance, according to new research. There are increased levels of immunological molecules known as cytokines. In Osteoarthritis, there may be a “flare-up” of joint inflammation, but it is not as severe as it is in Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), on the other hand, is a well-known autoimmune condition. The immune system is “activated,” and different modifications cause the immune system to confuse invading pathogens for the person’s own cells. As a result, the body assaults itself, resulting in sickness.
Treatments Available for Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis can be treated in a variety of ways. Rheumatoid arthritis can be treated with a variety of medications, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and prednisone. Newer “biologic” drugs work by blocking certain inflammatory molecules that might trigger inflammation. Diet and other lifestyle changes have been reported to lessen rheumatoid arthritis inflammation in several studies. Osteoarthritis drugs are designed to alleviate pain and stiffness. There are no drugs that can reverse the degenerative process. Systemic inflammation has been proven to be reduced by lifestyle medicine and functional medicine techniques.
In both OA and RA, physical activity is critical for maintaining joint function. When joints are inflamed, it’s important to avoid aggravating them further. Physical therapy can help ensure that the exercise is both safe and successful in terms of maintaining or improving joint function and mobility.
Both OA and RA patients receive injection treatments. Anaesthetic and corticosteroid injections can help reduce acute joint inflammation. Corticosteroid injections can have serious side effects thus they should be used with caution. Hyaluronic acid, a lubricating fluid found in joints, has been shown to help with OA pain. Consult your doctor to determine the best course of action for your circumstance.
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